What’s the Word? A Guide to Common Cannabis Lingo

There is a lot of slang and insider terminology used to describe cannabis and its many related products. How up on your lingo are you? Below are 40+ common terms for cannabis and the many ways people enjoy it!

Terms for Cannabis

Weed: The most common term for cannabis these days. Cannabis has been known to grow “like a weed”, sprouting up anywhere that’s suitably warm and moist.

Flower: The smokable, trichome-covered part of the fully grown female cannabis plant. The term is also used to refer to cannabis in its cured plant form, as opposed to an extract of an edible. Often used interchangeably with “nugs” or “buds.”

Dank: A term often used to describe premium cannabis.

Chronic: A term often used to describe premium cannabis.

Ganja: A term for cannabis that has roots in the Hindi word for hemp plants.

Marijuana: The original Spanish name for cannabis. Not used as often these days.

Reefer: A term for Cannabis with Spanish origins. The original Mexican slang for those under the influence of cannabis was “greefo,” which was later abbreviated to “reefer.”

Green (or Purple): An obvious term for cannabis-based on its most common colors.

Herb: A term used to refer to the smokable products of the cannabis plant, which is classified as an herb.

Kush: “Kush” is a strain of cannabis that originates from the Hindu Kush mountains in Central Asia. However, the term is often used to generally refer to good quality weed, regardless of whether it’s actually a “Kush” strain.

Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid: Three categories that are often used to brand cannabis strains. Sativa strains are known for producing a “head high” that leaves users feeling productive, energetic, and alert, while Indica strains tend to produce full-body effects, increasing sleep and relaxation. Hybrid refers to strains made from different combinations of plants, meaning they aren’t purebred Indica or Sativa.

Parts of the Cannabis Plant

Flower: The main smokable part of the fully grown female cannabis plant, which blooms into flowering buds. They are usually covered in a frosty-looking coating of trichomes.

Trichomes: Small, hair-like appendages found on the surface of the cannabis plant. Trichomes protect the plant from external stressors and contain resinous glands that create flavonoids, cannabinoids, and terpenes.

Sugar Leaves: One of two types of leaves that grow on the cannabis plant. While the larger fan leaves help with the photosynthesis process, the smaller sugar leaves are often coated in trichomes. They are sometimes used to make edibles and concentrates.

Terms for Paraphernalia & Ways to Enjoy Weed

Joint: Ground cannabis flower wrapped up in a smokeable rolling paper, often with a filter or “crutch.” Averages the size of your standard cigarette with roughly 1/4 gram or more of cannabis, though they can be larger.

Blunt: Similar to a joint, but instead of a standard rolling paper, the cannabis is wrapped in a piece of tobacco paper or an emptied cigar.

Spliff: A joint or blunt that is rolled with a mixture of cannabis and tobacco, likely hollowed out of a cigarette.

Pre-Roll: Usually refers to pre-rolled joints that are packaged together, similar to a pack of cigarettes.

Bowl: A hand pipe with a top-facing bowl-shaped area where you put the ground up cannabis, along with a “carb” hole that allows you to clear the smoke from inside the pipe. Also called a “spoon” or a “piece.”

Bong: A tube-shaped filtration pipe that filters weed smoke through water, toning down the heat and harshness of smoking in the process. Also called a “water pipe.”

Edibles: Refers to cannabis-based food products. Can range from gummies and brownies to beverages and beef jerky. They are usually made by either adding ground cannabis flower into the dry ingredients or adding a liquid cannabis extract into the wet ingredients.

Topicals: Cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils that are absorbed through the skin for localized relief of pain, soreness, and other health conditions.

Tinctures: Liquid, cannabis-infused extracts that are made by using a solvent (usually alcohol) to pull the terpenes and cannabinoids like CBD and THC from the cannabis plant. The final product is essentially alcohol infused with the most vital components of the cannabis plant.

Extracts and Concentrates: These terms tend to be used interchangeably to refer to any type of product that has been extracted from the cannabis plant. However, some people define extracts as products manufactured using solvents, while those using non-solvent methods are called concentrates. These products are highly concentrated, with the highest possible level of cannabinoids and terpenes versus other substances.

Vape: A handheld or tabletop device that vaporizes the cannabinoids in your products rather than combusting them. This usually involves cannabis oil but can also use wax, plant material, or other cannabis concentrates.

Dabbing: A method for vaporizing cannabis concentrate that involves heating a glass or metal “nail” and applying cannabis concentrate directly to a hot surface, instantly resulting in an inhalable vapor. The device used for dabbing is often called a “rig” or a “nail.”

Hashish: Often called hash. A highly potent form of cannabis produced by collecting and compressing trichomes into a concentrated form. It is usually brown or dark green in color and comes in a brick or ball.

Wax: A soft solid form of concentrate that often resembles wax. It can range from hard and flakey to a soft and creamy consistency. It is typically consumed with an oil or dab rig.

Shatter: A hard solid that closely resembles amber-hued glass. It can be broken apart and then vaporized via an oil or dab rig.

Crumble: A drier form of wax that has a crumbly texture. It also sometimes resembles a honeycomb.

Live Resin: A concentrate created by flash freezing plant material, then putting it through a solvent-based extraction process. It can take on many different forms and consistencies.

Rosin: A concentrate made by using a heated press on a cannabis bud. This creates a thick, flavorful syrup-like substance that can be smoked via an oil or dab rig.

Budder: Also called butter or batter. This concentrate is created by slowly heating rosin to create a substance with a cake batter-like consistency.

Terms for Cannabis Components

Cannabinoids: A type of chemical substance that interacts with the endocannabinoid system in the human body. Many of the most important compounds found in cannabis are cannabinoids, including THC and CBD. Out of the many hundreds of different compounds found in the cannabis plant, around 80-100 are considered cannabinoids.

Delta-9 THC: Often just called THC, Delta-9 is the most commonly occurring cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. It is also the main compound that’s responsible for the drug’s intoxicating and psychoactive effects.

CBD: The second most common cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Though it has no psychoactive effects, it is commonly associated with the many health benefits related to cannabis and cannabis products. Some also believe that when combined with THC and other cannabinoids, it enhances the drug’s psychoactive effects.

Delta-8 THC: A sister compound of Delta-9 THC that naturally occurs in small amounts in the cannabis plant. Is now produced in larger numbers of synthesizing CBD. Delta-8 provides similar effects to standard THC but is milder and less intoxicating.

Delta-10 THC: Another rare sister compound of Delta-9 THC. Much like Delta-8, the effects of Delta-10 are similar to standard THC but less intoxicating. While Delta-8 is often compared to an Indica strain of cannabis due to its relaxing effects, Delta-10 has been compared to a Sativa strain, as it is more uplifting.

THC-O: A fully synthetic analog of THC that is not found in the cannabis plant itself. It’s a potent substance that’s about 3 times as psychoactive as Delta-9 and around 5 times more psychoactive than Delta-8. It also causes notable psychedelic effects not usually seen in cannabis.

Terpenes: Highly aromatic compounds that are found in a variety of plants, including cannabis. These compounds are often responsible for the smell and taste of cannabis, with different combinations of terpenes producing different fragrances.

Flavonoids: Nutrients found in many plants, fruits, and vegetables that contribute to their growth process and influence their appearance. Along with cannabinoids and terpenes, flavonoids help give each cannabis strain its unique taste, smell, and color.

What’s a cannabis-related term that you want to know more about?

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